Jet Fuel Petroleum

Petroleum-Jet Fuel
Jet fuel or aviation turbine fuel (ATF) is a type of aviation fuel designed for use in aircraft powered by gas-turbine engines.

The most commonly used fuels for commercial aviation are Jet A and Jet A-1, which are produced to a standardized international specification.

JET A-1 is a kerosene-type fuel. It is compatible with most jet aircraft, both civil and military, helicopter turbine engines, turboprops and compression-ignition piston engines.

Like diesel, kerosene is a middle distillate. But it is lighter than diesel while remaining heavier than gasoline. It is the most widely used aviation fuel.

It has a boiling point of 150°C-250°C, a flashpoint over 38.0ºC (100ºF) and a maximum melting point of -47.0ºC and it is colorless to straw-colored in appearance.

This fuel is of sufficient quality to meet strict international standards, such as the latest issues to date of the British standard DEF STAN 91-091, the American standard ASTM D1655 and NATO’s F-35 specification.

JET-A1 Specification

Properties

Unit

Test Result

Test Method

Total Acid, max

MgKOH/g

0.1

 D3242

Aromatic Content, max

Vol%

25

 D1319

Naphthalenes, max

 Vol%

3

D1840

Mercaptan Sulphur, max

Wt.%

0.003

D3227

Total Sulphur, max

Wt.%

0.3

D4294

Initial boiling point

 Celasius

Report

D86

10% recovery point, max

Celasius

205(401)

 D86

20% recovery point

Celasius

Report

 D86

50% recovery point

Celasius

Report

D86

90% recovery point

Celasius

Report

D86

Final boiling point, max

Celasius

300(572)

D86

Residual, max

Vol%

1.5

D86

Loss, max

Vol%

1.5

D86

Flash point, min

Celasius

38 (100)

D56

Viscosity@-20°C, max

CST

8

 D445

Gravity

API

 37 – 51

 D4052

Density@15°C

 Kg/m²

 775 – 840

 D4052

Freeze point, max

Celasius

-47 (-53)

D5972

Heat content, min

Btu/Ib

18.4

D3338

Net heat of combustion, min

MJ/Kg

42.8

D3338

Smoke point, min

Mm

18

D1322

Copper corrosion, max

Code

1

D130

Stability ,P, max@260°C

mmHG

25

D3241

Preheat code

max

<3

D3241

Existent gum

Mg/100ml

7

IP540

Water separation

MSEP

85

D3948

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